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ƒVƒƒƒWƒNƒ‚–ځ@Charales


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ƒVƒƒƒWƒNƒ‚‘”j@Charophyceae
@@ƒVƒƒƒWƒNƒ‚–ځ@Charales
@@@@iGrahamu—¤ãA•¨‚Ì‹NŒ¹vj

„’è@400ŽíiGrahamu—¤ãA•¨‚Ì‹NŒ¹v1996j

LINKS
The Charophytes at www.ucmp.berkeley.edu
Division: Charales In: Classification of Plants, Whittaker FIVE KINGDOM SYSTEM (1978) at www.cc.mancol.edu
Order Charales at The Tree of Life Project at phylogeny.arizona.edu

Subdivisions
ƒVƒƒƒWƒNƒ‚–ځ@Charales ƒVƒƒƒWƒNƒ‚‘®@Chara braunii, stuartiana, zeylanica
ƒtƒ‰ƒXƒRƒ‚‘®@Nitella axillaris, hyalina
ƒVƒ‰ƒ^ƒ}ƒ‚‘®@Lamprothamnium @
ƒzƒVƒcƒŠƒ‚‘®@Nitellopsis @
Lychnothamnus @
Tolypella @

References

  1. ŽRŠÝ‚‰ •Ò’˜, 1999, ’W…‘”—Þ“ü–å - ’W…‘”—Þ‚ÌŒ`Ž¿EŽí—ށEŠÏŽ@‚ÆŒ¤‹†, “à“c˜V’ß•Þ.
  2. çŒ´Œõ—Y•Ò’˜, 1997, ‘”—Þ‘½—l«‚̐¶•¨Šw, “à“c˜V’ß•Þ.
  3. Graham, L.E., 1993, Origin of Land Plants, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. , 1993
    “n粁E–x‹¤–ó, 1996, —¤ãA•¨‚Ì‹NŒ¹ - —Α”‚©‚ç—ΐFA•¨‚Ö, “à“c˜V’ß•Þ.
  4. –x@‹PŽO•Ò, 1994, ‘”—ނ̐¶ŠˆŽjW¬@‘æ‚PŠª@—ΐF‘”—Þ, “à“c˜V’ß•Þ.
  5. œA£OKEŽRŠÝ‚‰ •Ò, 1977, “ú–{’W…‘”}ŠÓ, “à“c˜V’ß•Þ.

  6. Hausmann & Hülsmann, 1996, Protozoology, Thieme Medical Pub.
  7. Šâ”gE¶•¨ŠwŽ«“TE‘æ‚S”Å, 1996, Šâ”g‘“X.
  8. Margulis, L., Corliss, J.O., Melkonian, M. and Chapman, D.J. (eds.) , 1990, Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Bartlett, Boston.
  9. ƒnƒEƒXƒ}ƒ“, îŒ³–ó, 1989, Œ´¶“®•¨Šw“ü–åAOŠwo”Å.
  10. Margulis & Schwartz, 1988, Five Kingdoms; An illustrated guide to the phyla of life on earth., Second edition, Freeman and Company.
  11. Lee, J.J., Hutner, S.H. & Bovee, E.C. (eds.), 1985, An Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa., Society of Protozoologists.
  12. ’––ؐ³ŽOŠÄC, 1981, Œ´¶“®•¨}ŠÓ, u’kŽÐƒTƒCƒGƒ“ƒeƒBƒtƒBƒN.
  13. Kudo, R.R., 1966, Protozoology 5th ed., Charles C Thomas Publisher.


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