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Prostomatea: Prorodontida: Prorodontidae

Prorodon viridis
Ehrenberg, 1833

Prorodon Genus: Ovoid to cylindrical; ciliation uniform; oral basket made up of double trichites which end up deep in ectoplasm; contractile vacuole terminal (Kudo, 1966). Brosse as 3 longitudinal files (Illustrated Guide, 1985). Body ellipsoidal, ovoid or cylindrical in shape; cytostome apical, circular; cytopharynx equipped with well-developed double nematodesmata; somatic ciliation uniform, kinetosomes paired; macronucleus ovoid, reniform or ellongate; as many species descriptions are insufficient, many are indistinguishable (Carey, 1992).
Other endosymbioses

Prorodon viridis (Ehrenberg) Kahl, 1927 (or Holophrya ovum ?), with endosymbiotic Chlorella (so-called Zoochlorella), cell body 141 μm long, μm wide, x 640, Fukada Park, Sanda city, Hyogo Pref., Japan, November 2001 by Y. Tsukii
scale 50 μm scale 100 μm scale 150 μm; x 400 : scale 31 μm scale 63 μm scale 94 μm; x 640
Prorodon viridis Prorodon viridis Prorodon viridis Prorodon viridis Prorodon viridis Prorodon viridis Prorodon viridis Prorodon viridis Prorodon viridis

Prorodon teres Ehrenberg, 1838: Body cylindrical, caudal cilia absent; a single macronucleus; 130-200 μm long; large cytopharyngeal apparatus (Carey, 1992). Similar to P. marinus, P. mimeticus, P. moebiusi, P. morgani, P. nucleatus, P. opalescens, P. penardi

Prorodon discolor (Ehrenberg, 1831) Kahl, 1930 (Syn. Holophrya discolor Ehrenberg, 1831; Prorodon discolor var. marinus Kahl, 1831): Body ovoid, rather pointed posteriorly, 90-110 μm long; apical cytostome and well-developed basket; trichocysts and mucocysts present; contractile vacuole terminal; macronucleus oval with a central core (Carey, 1992).

Prorodon diaphanus Dragesco, 1960: A small transparent species, 50 μm long; cell body ovoid; kineties 22 or 24; mucocysts can be observed in the cortex; cytostome apical and quite large, equipped with trichocysts; cilia around the cytostome longer; macronucleus large; contractile vacuole terminal (Carey, 1992).

Prorodon marinus Claparède & Lachmann 1858: 100 μm long; many vacuoles (Carey, 1992).

Prorodon nucleatus (Svec, 1897) Penard, 1922: 120-160 μm long; ellipsoidal cytostome; highly contractile (Carey, 1992).

Prorodon mimeticus Kahl, 1930: 130-200 μm long; dorsal brush visible; clear cytoplasm (Carey, 1992).

Prorodon opalescens Kahl, 1928: 180-200 μm long; clear cortex with trichocysts (Carey, 1992).

Prorodon penardi Dragesco, 1954: 180 μm long; large macronucleus (Carey, 1992).

Prorodon moebiusi Kahl, 1930: 200-300 μm long; pointed posterior (Carey, 1992).

Prorodon morgani Kahl, 1930: 250-400 μm long; cell body cylindrical and plump (Carey, 1992).

# All these species cylindrical in shape, a single macronucleus, no caudal cilia (Carey, 1992).

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